Protect Your Dental Support System With Periodontics
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What Is Periodontics & Periodontal Disease?
Periodontics is a branch of dentistry concerned with the structural support of the mouth—most commonly, the field focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal (gum) disease.
Periodontal disease is an infection in the mouth that affects the gums, supporting ligaments, alveolar bone, and cementum. It can be caused by poor oral hygiene, smoking, and genetic factors. Left untreated, the disease could lead to tooth loss, as well as systemic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and stroke.
Our Dunellen, NJ, periodontal professionals use a variety of treatments to help patients manage gum disease and prevent its progression. These treatments include scaling and root planing, chemotherapeutic treatment, and various surgical treatments. Additionally, we offer other periodontal procedures that focus on improving the health and aesthetics of the gingival tissues and the bone. You can discover more about these options below!
Scaling and root planing (SRP) is a type of deep cleaning that removes plaque, tartar, and bacteria below the gum line. SRP helps to reduce inflammation in the gums and can also help to prevent further damage caused by periodontal disease.
Chemotherapeutic treatment involves the utilization of mouth rinses and antibiotics to help reduce inflammation, fight bacteria, and protect gums. This type of treatment is often combined with SRP or various other treatments.
If advanced periodontal disease has caused tissue damage or structural problems, our team may recommend surgery. We create small incisions in the gum tissue to reveal the damaged bone and carefully clean the teeth to remove all plaque, tartar, and bacteria. Before closing the incisions, we may also remove damaged tissue and smooth the bone to reduce gum pockets caused by disease.
Guided bone grafting and tissue regeneration are oral surgery procedures that use graft material to regenerate lost gum and bone tissues. The graft material helps to create a positive environment for new, healthy gums and bones to form in the affected area. This can be great for restoring bone or tissue volume following prolonged tooth loss or periodontal disease.
Cosmetic periodontal surgery focuses on improving the appearance of the gum line and restoring a natural, healthy look. We may perform this for cases of gummy smile, where the gums cover a significant portion of the teeth, or in cases of an asymmetrical gum line.
The Symptoms Of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease occurs in three progressive stages, and the symptoms become increasingly worse as the disease advances. The disease begins as gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque and tartar buildup. If left untreated, the disease can progress to periodontitis and advanced periodontitis–0causing severe gum recession, tooth loss, and other systemic health issues. Early symptoms of periodontal disease include:
- Bleeding gums
- Receding gum line
- Persistent bad breath
The Importance Of Periodontal Disease Treatment
Periodontal disease is identified as an ongoing infection, or one that the patient’s body is unable to fight off on its own. While the body is able to address many infections, a battle with periodontal disease is unable to be cured by biological means. Therefore, professional treatment is necessary in order to restore health and minimize the risk of further problems caused by the condition.
Our Periodontal Professionals
Periodontists are specialized oral care experts who are well-versed in the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease, as well as the implementation of procedures to restore gums and bone tissues. Our team of periodontists at Tri-County Dental Care utilizes advanced equipment and specialized treatment methods in order to help our patients achieve better health, function, and aesthetics. We understand the importance of accuracy and precision in periodontal treatments, and we strive to provide outstanding care for every Dunellen, NJ patient.